The group organised support meetings, lobbied parliament, distributed petitions and vehemently pushed obtaining the vote for women. To put it another way, given the scale of one working day, women stop earning a salary at 14.53PM. Iceland’s prime minister discusses what gender means for rethinking the economy. Women still have less economic power than men, earning 14% to 18% less on average. Sexual harrassment and domestic violence are still key areas that require focus. The 9th-century settler Unnur Ketilsdottir (aka; “Aud the Deep-Minded”) was left widowed in Scotland after her husband was betrayed. When does the midnight sun take place in Iceland? In 1907, the group held a petition of over 11,000 signatories, signed by men and women from across the island. Helga lives the remainder of her life grieving for her fallen lover. Guðrún Jónsdóttir of Stígamót, a Reykjavik organisation campaigning against sexual violence, said of the prime minister, "Johanna is a great feminist in that she challenges the men in her party and refuses to let them oppress her. Hallgerður was quick to condemn Gunnar’s action, however, telling him that he would pay for hitting her in time. There was no specific political goals mentioned by the group, though the group’s formation itself sparked an awakening in Icelandic culture and birthed a litany of other movements. This means it will now be illegal to pay men and women different wages for the same job. Ugla is the former chairperson of Trans Iceland, a part of the '78 Association, Iceland's LGBTQIA rights group. Violations of gender equality are adjudicated by the Complaints Committee on Equal Status, whose members are appointed by the minister of social affairs and social security, who also appoints members of the Equal Status Council, which makes recommendations for improving workplace equality. Scandinavia’s development in this area has been put down to a number of factors, namely that all four countries above achieved 99% literacy rate for both sexes a number of decades ago. They were also protected by law from unwanted attention or violence. Discrimination on the basis of perceived or actual gender identity is illegal, and those who transition can change their names and genders on all legal documents without issue. In 2015, the Free The Nipple campaign took ahold of Iceland in support of a female student who revealed her nipple on her own Twitter page and was bullied by another student because of it. An equal pay law, as recently implemented in Iceland, would help women aspire to better economic stability and better professional development. What is Guide to Iceland? “I’m not a man and I never have been and my principle has always been not to try to act like a man.”Vigdís  Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland (1980-1996). Only 22% of managers and 30% of televised experts in Iceland are women. By many measures, Iceland leads the world in gender equality (Credit: Getty Images) “Most countries have equal pay laws: the UK established them in … How were they built, what were they like to live in, and when did they stop being used? Now, it just became the first country to legalise equal pay: a new law, in fact, makes it illegal to pay men more than women. Public breastfeeding is considered completely normal in Iceland, the best example perhaps being when an MP breastfed her baby during parliament in 2016 that made international headlines. Despite the fact she achieved only a narrow margin of a victory, her popularity quickly soared, securing her three later re-elections. Adored by Icelanders the country over, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir is to this day very well aware that her victory came off the back of the 1975 Women's Day Off. Gender Equality in Iceland Stepping Stones 1850 Equal inheritance rights for men and women 1882 Widows and single women gain local suffrage 1886 Girls can enter secondary school 1900 Married women gain the right to control their income and personal property 1907 Icelandic Women’s Rights Association founded 1908 Women gain local suffrage and the right to hold local office 1908 The first … By default, this left women in a position of power where they undertook traditionally male roles for the family: hunter, builder, farmer, etc. The tiny island nation consistently tops the World Economic Forum’s annual Global Gender Gap report. List of issues concerning Iceland and the implementation of the convention against torture. Gender equality—the right to equal opportunities and resources regardless of gender—is both a fundamental human right and one of the foundations for a prosperous and harmonious planet. To strike a woman would largely mean death for the aggressor. Women in the Icelandic sagas are mentioned fairly rarely but take a variety of roles, ranging from sorceresses to servant girls to Goddesses. This has almost been the case for two decades, with analysts pointing to the large scale female participation in the labour force, the closing pay gap and the opportunity for women to rise to positions of corporate and political esteem. The fight for progress is ongoing and uphill. The Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men is the reason gender equality is a hallmark of Icelandic culture. In 1989, Anna Kristjánsdottir was forced to move to Sweden to receive any support at all. On top of all of this, over 80% of women in Iceland make up part of the work force. In 2009, Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was elected as Iceland’s first female prime minister and, coincidentally, the world’s first openly gay head of state. How do you sleep during the... Iceland is a country of many amazing waterfalls, but which are the best ones? While there is still progression to be made in terms of the recognition of trans and genderqueer individuals, Iceland allows platforms for these people to represent themselves freely. Its new session of Parliament has the highest share of women parliamentarians yet, at about 45 per cent, and 6 per cent of Icelandic men are HeforShe champions. Helga the Fair is another example of how women were perceived through the eyes of medieval Icelanders, found in Gunnlaug's saga. ENG / Laws & Conventions / Icelandic Law / On Gender Equality. This law includes information on gender equality for government and businesses to follow. How long does a sunset or a sunrise last? Under her command were twenty crewmen, made up of slaves and prisoners all looking to flee home. Instead, downtown Reykjavik was filled with cheering, pots banging, whistles, protest signs. Abortions were made legal in Iceland on the 28th January 1935, marking the way for a modern abortion legalisation policy. This is largely down to the Keeping The Windows Open project, a UN side-mission that directly collaborates with the police. Iceland and its Nordic cousins have always been considered more advanced in gender equality, with Finland, Norway and Sweden coming second, third and fourth respectively in the 2016 World Economic Forum survey. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Helgi Halldórsson. The orgiansation of gender equality work in Iceland The Minister of Social Affairs is in charge of the implement-ation of the gender equality legislation, but the Centre for Gender Equality is responsible for its administration. Besides the Soviet Union and Mexico, Iceland was the first nation to legalise clinical abortions - it was also the first not to retract that decision at a later date. On Gender Equality. “It's something that women in Iceland have worked very hard for,” Steingrímsdóttir said. Out of 144 countries, this small island has ranked number one in political empowerment amongst women, number one for closing the gender income gap (government ambitions look to finalise this in 2022) and boasts corporate quotas which ensure women currently hold 44% of representation on company boards. The first steps toward change had been taken. One year later, this percentage has dropped to a remarkable 3%. The New Year ushered in a new wage policy in Iceland, where it is now illegal for companies to pay men more than women for the same job. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Johann Baptist Zwecker. In Iceland, such discrimination has been prohibited by law since 1961. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Nationaal Archief. In 1869, a woman’s association group was formed in the countryside and focused on women’s unity. Howell. Of equal importance is the empowerment of women; the steady build of a culture that allows women to make choices for both their own benefit and the benefit of society as a whole. Katrín Jakobsdóttir. The first organisations centred on women in Iceland were formed in the latter half of the 19th century. Graphic … In 2015, 94% of cases reported to the police were dropped. Throughout her tenure as a President, she vigorously pursued the development of girl's education, coined the expression "never let the woman down" and acted a role model for young Icelandic women. Iceland - Minister of Education, Science and Culture found in breach of Gender Equality Act in appointing Permanent Secretary (104 KB) Gender Equality Complaints Committee ruled that the Minister of Culture had violated the Gender Equality Act when appointing the Permanent Secretary Publication date: 30 September 2020. Labour unions and equal right advocates are quick to point out that, effectively, wage disparity means women in Iceland stop earning before their male counterparts; given the scale of a year, women would stop earning a salary on November 10th. In 1845, the Danish Crown allowed the re-establishment of the Alþingi, later expanding its influence as a legislative and financial body. Twenty-one years later, women were eligible to represent these bodies. Iceland is considered the top country in the world fort what concerns gender equality, women's rights and discrimination. Icelanders are rightfully proud of these progressive statistics, but prouder still of the continuing fight for progress and the refusal to accept government compromises. How has Guide to Iceland changed since its conception? There is still much to be done, of course. Iceland's commitment to gender equality is as strong today as it has ever been. Since her reign as president, the country has passed laws requiring businesses that have more than 15 employees to document and prove that they pay women equally. The policy requires companies with more than 25 employees to certify that they pay equally, regardless of gender or ethnicity. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Fr. Discover a wide range of Mountain Tours Why not join this Mo... How can you find a job in Iceland? Throughout the sixties and seventies, grassroots activism had begun to take hold as the primary method for promoting civil liberties and instigating social change. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Rob C. Croes, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir held the position of President of Iceland for sixteen years, making her the longest serving female president from any country to date. Statistics demonstrate that only a handful of rape victims report their crimes to the police and, from this, an even smaller number of convictions are made. Túngata 14 | 101 Reykjavík | Sími 552 2720 | info[at]humanrights.is, Notes on Iceland's Fourth periodic report on implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and political rights Pursuant to Article 40 of the Covenant, Notes on Iceland's Combined Seventeenth and Eighteenth Periodic Reports on Implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, Notes on Iceland's Third Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention Against Torture, Notes on Iceland's Sixth Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. The campaign itself is focused on the double standards regarding the censorship of the female breast and the sexualisation of women's bodies. "Then I'll recall," she said, "the slap you gave me, and I don't care whether you hold out for a long or a short time." Since the first edition of the Forum report in 2006, Iceland has closed around 10% of its total gender gap, making it one of the fastest-improving countries in the world. National court decision. In tertiary education, the gender gap has in fact been reversed, with more women attending university than men. There is still a lot of work left to be done, but Icelanders continue to lead the charge to full-scale gender equality, building a society that is just, fair and sets an international reputation. Upon their arrival in Iceland, Unnur granted her crew their freedom and secured her position as a respected, merciful leader. As they in 1975, men and women took to the streets of Reykjavik to make their voices heard. she said. Vigdis’ presidency and the laws Iceland enacted to enforce gender equality aren’t widely known. And although the gender gap at work does not end there, it would be a big step for companies to begin to know the advantages of labor equality in terms of employee profitability and well-being. In Brennu-Njáls saga, the imposing warrior Gunnar struck his wife, Hallgerður Höskuldsdóttir, after she sent a slave to steal bread from a nearby farm. Rights Groups Express Concerns The legislation came into force on Monday, January 1st. Continue... See a selection of wonderful photographs that capture the magic of the Northern Lights throughout Iceland. If you are a woman, the best country in the world to live is Iceland. As a transgender rights activist who prefers non-gendered pronouns, they write about genderqueer rights for Huffington Post, help to spread information about non-binary people, and aid genderqueer rights around the world. Gender equality laws exist with extended maternity and paternity leave and affordable childcare that promote societal balance. After some discussion between the various women’s rights organisation, a strike was finally agreed, though the word ‘strike’ would be replaced by ‘day off’. Within five years of the first Woman’s Day of Protest, Iceland had the world’s first democratically elected female head of state, President Vigdís Finnbogadóttir. Women managed the finances of the household, ran the farmstead in their husband’s absence and could become wealthy landowners in widowhood. Are there waterfalls all around the country? Women make up 66% of graduates from University, hold 30 of the country’s 62 parliamentary seats (48%), and elected their first female prime minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir from 2009 to 2013. Given the famine at the time, this was considered a grave crime. 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